TABLE 15A

 CAREER ORIGINS

FEMALES

 

1992

1997

  Black White Black White Hispanic Asian
First Position            
Senior Executive 3% 3% 5% 3% 0% 3%
Assistant Administrator 7 10 10 9 13 15
Department Head+ 61 66 25 29 26 24
Staff and other+ 29 21 60 59 61 59
  100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%1
n (158) (274) (193) (185) (80) (34)
First Area of Responsibility            
General management 27% 20%*** 14% 12% 15% 21%*
Single business discipline (e.g., finance, human resources) 29 26 16 17 13 21
Clinical/ancillary 29 49 41 55 43 38
Sector management (e.g., ambulatory, association) 16 5 30 15 30 21
  100%1 100% 100%1 100%1 100%1 100%1
n (157) (273) (195) (190) (80) (39)
First employing organization            
System hospital 32% 32%** 24% 22% 27% 28%**
Freestanding hospital 35 49 41 55 31 39
Other provider 9 6 13 11 12 15
Public health agencies/military 11 6 11 3 21 8
Non-provider (e.g., consulting, education, association) 13 7 11 9 9 10
  100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
n (161) (275) (194) (191) (77) (39)
Ownership of first organization            
Not for profit - church 11% 29%*** 10% 23% 10% 22%***
Not for profit - secular 46 41 50 50 35 35
For profit 13 10 16 15 18 19
Government 30 21 24 11 37 24
  100% 100%1 100% 100%1 100% 100%
n (161) (277) (191) (188) (78) (37)

+ Note: The response categories varied in the questionnaires between 1992 and 1997. In 1992 "staff and other" included administrative staff only while "department head" could include supervisors. In 1997, "staff and other" also included a new category, "department staff."
*Chi-square significant p<.05
**Chi-square significant p<.01
***Chi-square significant p<.001
1Percentages may not total to 100 due to rounding.


TABLE 15B

CAREER ORIGINS

MALES

 

1992

1997

  Black White Black White Hispanic Asian
First Position            
Senior Executive 11% 11% 11% 11% 10% 10%
Assistant Administrator 15 25 22 21 19 10
Department Head+ 45 42 21 33 29 26
Staff and other+ 29 22 46 36 42 54
  100% 100% 100% 100%1 100% 100%
n (162) (238) (159) (184) (143) (72)
First Area of Responsibility            
General management 34% 41%* 23% 27% 26% 31%
Single business discipline (e.g., finance, human resources) 40 30 24 19 17 22
Clinical/ancillary 14 21 27 31 34 36
Sector management (e.g., ambulatory, association) 12 8 27 22 23 11
  100% 100% 100%1 100%1 100% 100%
n (162) (240) (164) (191) (141) (74)
First employing organization            
System hospital 26% 33%** 27% 25% 27% 38*
Freestanding hospital 33 47 36 50 37 39
Other provider 14 3 13 7 13 8
Public health agencies/military 17 10 13 8 17 10
Non-provider (e.g., consulting, education, association) 11 7 11 9 6 4
  100%1 100% 100% 100%1 100% 100%1
n (163) (240) (170) (191) (142) (74)
Ownership of first organization            
Not for profit - church 7% 25%*** 7% 18% 16% 14%*
Not for profit - secular 47 36 41 38 24 29
For profit   8 9 16 15 17
Government 38 30 36 29 42 43
  100% 100% 100% 100% 100%1 100%
n (163) (239) (166) (191) (139) (70)

 + Note: The response categories varied in the questionnaires between 1992 and 1997. In 1992 "staff and other" included administrative staff only while "department head" could include supervisors. In 1997, "staff and other" also included a new category, "department staff."
*Chi-square significant p<.05
**Chi-square significant p<.01
***Chi-square significant p<.001
1Percentages may not total to 100 due to rounding


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